Recognizing the Symptoms of Dengue Fever - Ensiklopedia Bebas
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Recognizing the Symptoms of Dengue Fever

 Recognizing the Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection that affects millions of people worldwide each year. It is a potentially life-threatening illness characterized by sudden high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, and can lead to a more severe form known as dengue hemorrhagic fever. Recognizing the symptoms of dengue fever is crucial for early diagnosis and timely medical intervention. In this article, we will discuss the key characteristics and signs of dengue fever.

Sudden High Fever

One of the most prominent and early symptoms of dengue fever is a sudden high fever. This fever can rise rapidly and often reaches temperatures of 104°F (40°C) or higher. It typically lasts for 2 to 7 days and may be accompanied by chills and sweating.

Severe Headache

Individuals with dengue fever often experience severe headaches, which can be throbbing and debilitating. This headache is usually located behind the eyes and can be accompanied by pain in the temples.

Pain Behind the Eyes

Pain and discomfort behind the eyes, referred to as retro-orbital pain, are common in dengue fever cases. This sensation can range from mild irritation to severe pain when moving the eyes.

Joint and Muscle Pain

Dengue fever is sometimes called "breakbone fever" due to the intense joint and muscle pain it causes. The pain is often described as aching or cramping and can be so severe that it feels like bones are breaking.

Skin Rash

Many individuals with dengue fever develop a characteristic skin rash. This rash often appears a few days after the onset of fever and is usually red and blotchy. It can affect various parts of the body but is commonly found on the arms, legs, and torso.

Nausea and Vomiting

Dengue fever can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. These gastrointestinal symptoms can lead to dehydration, which is a serious concern in dengue cases.

Minor Bleeding

In some cases, dengue fever may cause minor bleeding, such as nosebleeds, gum bleeding, or easy bruising. More severe bleeding may occur in cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Fatigue and Weakness

As the fever subsides, individuals with dengue fever often experience fatigue and weakness that can persist for several weeks.


Recognizing the symptoms of dengue fever is essential for early diagnosis and prompt medical care. If you or someone you know experiences sudden high fever, severe headaches, joint and muscle pain, and other characteristic symptoms, it is crucial to seek medical attention immediately. Early detection and appropriate medical management can significantly reduce the risk of complications associated with dengue fever and save lives. Additionally, taking measures to prevent mosquito bites, such as using insect repellent and wearing protective clothing, can help reduce the risk of contracting this potentially dangerous disease.

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